First Week Back – GCAP 2012

Thanks to a stretch of terrific late winter weather, we were able to accomplish quite a bit in our first week back at Garden Creek. This final phase of fieldwork includes both geophysical survey and excavation, in order to cover as much of the site as possible and to  study in greater detail certain areas with rich archaeological deposits.

Dr. Tim Horsley conducting ground penetrating radar survey at Garden Creek.

Last year, Tim Horsley surveyed a large portion of Garden Creek using a magnetometer, which pinpointed the location of several anomalies, including pits, hearths, and the earthwork ditch enclosures. Now, he’s back at the site to expand the magnetometer survey grid and to try out several additional geophysical techniques. So far, he’s used ground penetrating radar to produce a high resolution, three-dimensional map of the buried earthworks and surrounding areas, and magnetic susceptibility to identify general trends in the intensity of occupation across much of the neighborhood.

Magnetic susceptibility survey east of the earthwork enclosure.

Meanwhile, with the help of University of Michigan graduate student Travis Williams and undergraduate Sophia Reini, we’ve opened up a 2×3 meter unit (Unit 9) near the earthwork that we excavated last summer. This unit was positioned to target an anomaly inside the enclosure, so that we could learn more about the activities that were going on there. Once we cleared off the plowzone, we identified an arc of postholes that appear to demarcate the edge of the anomaly; it may be that the anomaly is a more deeply buried hearth or other feature inside of a structure. In addition, we identified a couple of pits in this unit, including one that was full of (though not apparently lined with) fragments of sheet mica. As with the mica we recovered from the ditch last summer, several of the fragments appear to have deliberately cut edges.

Travis and Sophia scraping off the last of the plowzone in Unit 9.

Assuming the weather holds, we plan to excavate the remainder of the features in this unit over the next few days. With luck, the information we learn from them will tell us something about Middle Woodland ceremonialism in and around Garden Creek’s earthen monuments. Time and further excavation will tell…


About Alice Wright

Alice is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Anthropology at Appalachian State University. She tweets about archaeology, Appalachia, and cats @alicepwright.
This entry was posted in Excavation, Features, Geophysics, Mapping and tagged , , , . Bookmark the permalink.

2 Responses to First Week Back – GCAP 2012

  1. Bennie says:

    Very Interesting. I am in the process of uploading my GCM2 sllidse to Facebook. You might want to check them out in a day or two.


  2. Pingback: Chapter 19: I’m Back, Megobrebo! « Ryan in Georgia

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )


Connecting to %s