Despite the wind and snow, we got quite a bit of work done at Garden Creek this week, thanks in large part to the return of UM graduate student Ashley Schubert and the assistance of several more graduate students from the University of North Carolina’s Research Laboratories of Archaeology. With their help, we were able to remove the sod and plowzone over two new units near Mound No. 2.
David Cranford and Erin Nelson tackled the first unit, which targeted a circular anomaly that yielded a considerable amount of charcoal in a small core. The feature was immediately visible under a relatively shallow plowzone, and subsequent excavation yielded several Middle Woodland sherds and soil samples that will be floated to recover botanical remains.
In the backyard, Meg Kassabaum and Anna Semon opened up a 4×1 m trench over two anomalies. A number of ceramic sherds and chert and crystal quartz flakes were recovered from the plowzone. Ashley and I finished cleaning off this unit today, and will begin excavating its features soon.
While all this was going on, Tim continued to expand the magnetometer and magnetic susceptibility surveys. He also completed ground penetrating radar survey across nearly 0.9 hectares, over and around the earthwork enclosures. On Wednesday, he was able to show some of the results to visiting archaeologists from the National Forests of North Carolina, who contributed much appreciated interpretive insights about our ongoing fieldwork.
Tim will be here for two more days, so the geophysical investigations at Garden Creek are coming to a close. Luckily, the data he’s generated has located a number of interesting features that will be the focus of activity for the next few weeks.